Clough Lee

The small group of cottages known as Clough Lee (or Lea) is on the south bank of the Colne, about a quarter of a mile upstream from Marsden. It is now part of the village, and a new housing estate has been built on the site of Clough Lee Mills. There are cottages dated 1782 over the door.

From 1696 to 1728, the Minister at Marsden, Isaac Walton, lived at Clough Lee. There is also a record of a Thomas Mellor living here in 1691. A field at Clough Lee was mentioned in a lawsuit of 1595.

The old packhorse road from Marsden to Rochdale climbed the upper Colne valley here. Mellor's Bridge, the narrow stone bridge which crosses the river here, was built in 1775, and the Union Bridge at the end of the road was built in 1861.

1841 Census
 

Number of households in Clough Lee - 11 Population of Clough Lee - 73
Ave household size - 6.6 Ave size of nuclear family unit - 5.4
Ave age of household heads - 48.2 Number born outside county - 0

Dwellings included are all called Clough Lees.

Labourer - 8 Slubber- 1
Woollen cloth maker - 7 General dealer - 1
Independent means - 1 Burler - 3
Wool feeder - 4 Millwright - 2
Waterman - 2 Piecer - 2
Carder - 2  

Resident families
 

Bamforth
Bulmer
Carter
Cordingley
Hall
Rayner
Schofield
Shaw
Sanderson
Seynier
Stancliff
Sykes
Thorp
Whitehead
Dodson

1881 Census
 

Number of households in Clough Lee - 29+1 uninhabited Population of Clough Lee - 141
Ave household size - 4.86 Ave size of nuclear family unit - 4.3
Ave age of household heads - 45 Number born outside county - 7
Percent born outside Marsden - 48 34% Born outside Colne Valley - 25 17.7%
Households with related kin - 6(20.7%) Wives in paid employment - 5(24%)

Of those born outside the valley, 1 was from Philadelphia USA, 3 from Stalybridge, 1 from Hinchcliffe Mill, 1 from Penistone, 1 from Birkenhead, 1 from Bradfield, 1 from Belper, 1 from Barnsley, 1 from Saddleworth, 1 from Chester, 4 from Holmfirth, 1 from Honley, 2 from Hepworth

Number listed as employed - 94(64% of total popn) Stone Mason - 6
Spinner - 2 Woollen dresser - 2
Bobbin winder - 1 Iron Planer - 1
Dressmaker - 1 Railway labourer - 1
Woollen shawl fringer - 1 Woollen Beamer - 1
Woollen weaver - 23 Fettler - 1
Woollen knotter - 4 Mender - 1
Boiler maker - 2 Finisher - 1
Piecer - 7 Ironfoundry labourer - 1
Dyer - 1 Waste picker - 1 -
Engine tenter - 1 Twister - 2
Warper - 1 Tailor's apprentice - 1
Burler - 1 Spinner - 4
Woollen feeder - 7 Drawer - 1
Mill Manager - 1 Shawl twister - 2
Railway Porter - 1 Cloth miller - 1
School mistress - 1 Loom Grinder - 1
Music teacher - 1 Duffer - 1
Power loom tuner - 1 Cloth cutter - 1
Carder - 1  

There was only 1 house at Clough Head in 1881, and no houses at Clough Hey.

Resident families
 

France
Whitehead
Gunning
Hall
Bamforth
Carter
Brown
Beaumont
Hirst
Marsden
Simpson
Hanson
Mellor (lodger)
Taylor
Armitage
Batty
Dawson
Street
Biltcliffe
Bulmer
Raynor
Blacon (lodger)
Lockwood
Broadbent
Woodhead
Palmer
Wood
Hamer
Norton (lodger)
Dyson
Pallas
Haigh

1891 Census
 

Number of households in Clough Lee - 35 Population of Clough Lee - 127
Ave household size - 3.6 Ave size of nuclear family unit - 3.6
Ave age of household heads - 43 Number born outside county - 2 (Cheshire)
Percent born outside Marsden - 23% Born outside Colne Valley - 11.8%
Households with related kin - 4(11.4%) Wives in paid employment - 3(13.6%)

Of those born outside the valley, 2 were from Cheshire, 1 from Barnsley, 3 from Holmfirth, 3 from Saddleworth, 2 from Pontefract, 1 from Bradfield,1 from Cumberworth, 1 from Dewsbury, 1 from Batley. Lingards was noted as separate from Marsden.

Number listed as employed - 73(57.5% of total popn) Living on own means - 1
Numberlisted as retired - 2  
Foreman cloth finisher - 1 Cloth finisher - 3
Dressmaker - 4 Mender - 5
Millhand - 1 Loom fitter - 1
Woollen weaver - 16 Fettler - 4
Professor of Music - 1 Buiding contractor - 1
Boiler maker - 2 Loom tuner - 2
Piecer - 3 Engine tenter - 1
Housekeeper - 2 Woollen knotter - 1
Labourer - 2 Twister - 3
Warper - 2 Percher - 1
Burler - 3 Spinner - 1
Woollen feeder - 1 Worsted drawer - 2
Willoer - 1 Carpenter - 1
Book-keeper - 1 Cloth miller - 1
School mistress - 1 Woollen engineer - 1
Carder - 1 Duffer - 1

85% directly dependent on textiles, not including labourers, carpenter, builder and book-keeper. The 4 people in engineering are working in the mills.

The average household size diminished in the latter half of the century, as did the size of the average family.

1901 Census

Number of households in Clough Lee - 36 Population of Clough Lee - 124
Ave household size - 3.44 Ave size of nuclear family unit - 3.14
Ave age of household heads - 31.4 Number born outside county - 7 (5.6%)
Born outside Colne Valley - 19.3%
Households with related kin - 3(8.3%) Wives in paid employment - 3(13.6%)

The population of Clough Lee appears to have stabilised at the beginning of the new century. There was little scope for physical expansion, as it was bounded in the east by the new church and graveyard, to the north by the river, to the west by Clough Lee Mills, and to the south by the slope of the valley. The average size of the household and family had been shrinking for 60 years, from 6.6 and 5.4 in 1841. Similarly, the age by which people were running households had dropped, by 35%. There were now more 'outsiders' in Clough Lee, though 13% were from outside the valley even in 1881.

Cloth finisher - 7 Pupil teacher - 1
Living on own means - 1 Dressmaker - 2
Dressmaker's assistant - 2 Weaver - 19
Wool worker - 6 Mender - 2
Rug clipper - 1 Tailor - 2
Woollen feeder - 1 Navvy - 3
Twister - 2 Book-keeper - 1
Stone waller - 1 Burler - 2
Warper - 2 Woollen spinner - 1
School teacher - 1 Woollen waste sorter - 1
Stoker at Mill - 1 Wool dyer - 1
Engine tenter - 1 Fettler - 1
Council labourer - 1 Cloth dresser - 1
General labourer - 1  

Resident families

France
Gledhill
Shaw
Johnson
Bamforth
Garsider
Fallas
Brook
Battye
Quarmby
Holroyd
Haigh
Wilson
Pogson
Gunning
Biltcliffe
Knowles
Whitwam
Lawson
Palmer
Schofield
Wrigley
Hanson
Wright
Marsden
Carter
Bearley
Hirst
Hampson
Kaye
Croft
Calverley
Sykes
Sheldon
Grason

 

Long-term residents of Clough Lee

Brook
The Brook family appeared in Clough Lea in the 1880's, with Japhet Brook, a woollen percher from Meltham, and the Brook family still lives in Clough Lea in 2004. The 1901 Census shows a James Brook, engine tenter at the mill, 1860-1932, and his wife Florence (1863-1921) 

Carter
The Carter family were in Clough Lee in 1841. John Carter was a Labourer born in 1796, and his son, Joseph (born 1837) was still there in 1901, also working as a labourer. 

France
The France family were living at what is now 2 Clough Lea in the 1881, 1891, and 1901 Censuses.

The head of the household was Samuel France, a woollen cloth weaver, who was born in Marsden in 1818. The name is a long-established Marsden name, and can be found in the 1666 Hearth Tax.

The Samuel France of Clough Lee married Elizabeth. Family members:

  • Samuel France, born 1818 
  • Elizabeth, his wife, born 1830 in Marsden 
  • Emma Whiteley France, their daughter, born Marsden 1856,weaver, later Dressmaker, described as dressmaker's assistant in 1901, died 1933. Her middle name suggests her mother's maiden name may have been Whiteley 
  • Helena Matilda France, daughter, born Marsden 1859, Dressmaker, died 1932 
  • Ada Sophia France, daughter, born Marsden 1860, weaver, later Dressmaker, described as dressmaker's assistant in 1901, died 1939 
  • George William France, son, 1862-1874 
  • Mary Hannah Rebecca France, daughter, born Marsden 1865, weaver, later Worsted Mender 
  • Sarah Elizabeth France, daughter, born 1868 Marsden, bobbin winder, later Worsted Mender 
  • Essther Margaret France, dau, 1872-1874